1001 Inventions and The Library of Secrets
Ibn Sina (also known as Avicenna)
He was the father of modern medicine. He was also an astronomer, chemist, geologist, Hafiz, Islamic psychologist, Islamic scholar, Islamic theologian, logician, paleontologist, mathematician, Maktab teacher, physicist, poet, and scientist.
One of the most famous exponents of Muslim universalism and an eminent figure in Islamic learning was Ibn Sina, known in the West as Avicenna (981-1037). For a thousand years he has retained his original renown as one of the greatest thinkers and medical scholars in history. His most important medical works are the Qanun (Canon) and a treatise on cardiac drugs. The ‘Qanun fi-l-Tibb’ is an immense encyclopedia of medicine. It contains some of the most illuminating thoughts pertaining to distinction of mediastinitis from pleurisy; contagious nature of phthisis; distribution of diseases by water and soil; careful description of skin troubles; of sexual diseases and perversions; of nervous ailmen.
King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz
King Faisal was the third King of Saudi Arabia, reigning from 1964 to 1975.
Following the formation of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Faisal was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1932. Faisal served as Prime Minister under King Saud.
Although a great respecter of tradition, King Faisal proved to be a far-sighted innovator. In the course of his reign, Faisal initiated a number of major economic and social development plans. Under Faisal, the industrial development of the Kingdom began in earnest. In foreign policy, King Faisal showed a resolute commitment to the essential interests of the Arab and Islamic world.
Helen Adams Keller (June 27, 1880 – June 1, 1968)
an American author, political activist, and lecturer.
But what makes her such an extrordinary individual? It is because she has acheived all this eventhough she was deafblind (blind and deaf)
Helen Keller was not born blind and deaf; it was not until she was 19 months old that she contracted an illness described by doctors as “an acute congestion of the stomach and the brain”. The illness did not last for a particularly long time, but it left her deaf and blind.By the age of seven, she had over 60 home signs to communicate with her family.
Anne Sullivan, a former student of the Perkins Institute for the Blind, arrived at Keller’s house in March 1887, and immediately began to teach Helen to communicate by spelling words into her hand.
Keller wrote a total of 12 published books and several articles; she was the first deafblind person to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree.
Oprah Winfrey (born Orpah Gail Winfrey; January 29, 1954) is an American television host, actress, producer, and philanthropist, best known for her self-titled, multi-award winning talk show, which has become the highest-rated program of its kind in history.
She has been ranked the richest African American of the 20th century, the greatest black philanthropist in American history, and was once the world’s only black billionare.
Winfery was born into poverty in rural Mississippi to a teenage single mother . She experienced considerable hardship during her childhood, including being raped at the age of nine and becoming pregnant at 14; her son died in infancy. After being sent to live with
the man she calls her father, a barber in Tennessee,
She landed a job in radio, and began co-anchoring the local evening news at the age of 19. Then boosted a third-rated local Chicago talk show to first place.
She influenced millions of people all around the world with her enthusiasm and love of life through her talk show and her good deeds such as building a school in Africa and her eagerness to help whoever is in need.
She now has her own magazine, talk show, and soon her own network !
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948) (Devanagari:Gujarati) was a national icon who led the struggle for India’s independence from British colonial rule, empowered by tens of millions of common Indians. Throughout the struggle he opposed any form of terrorism or violence, instead using only the highest moral standards. His philosophy of nonviolence, for which he coined the term satyagraha, has influenced national and international nonviolent resistance movements to this day, including the American Civil Rights Movement (1955-1968) led by Martin Luther King Jr.
Usain St. Leo Bolt, OJ, C.D.
born 21 August 1986), is a Jamaican sprinter and a three-time World and Olympic gold medalist. He is the world record and Olympic record holder in the 100 metres, the 200 metres and (along with his teammates) the 4 x 100 metres relay. He is the reigning World and Olympic champion in these three events.
His 2009 record breaking margin over 100 m is the highest since the start of digital time measurements. His achievements in sprinting have earned him the media nickname “Lightning Bolt”, and awards including the IAAF World Athlete of the Year, Track & Field Athlete of the Year, and Laureus Sportsman of the Year.
Samuel Langhorne Clemens
known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American author and humorist. He is noted for his novels Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885), called “the Great American Novel”, and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876). Twain was a friend to presidents, artists, industrialists, and European royalty.
Twain was popular, and his wit and satire earned praise from critics and peers. Upon his death he was lauded as the “greatest American humorist of his age” and William Faulkner called Twain “the father of American literature”